If you want to learn Chinese culture, you can start by being familiar with Chinese idioms. 隔岸观火 is a popular term. The meaning of this idiom is to be apathetic or indifferent to others’ misfortune or troubles. Obviously, this term can be used to describe those people who are not warm-hearted. But at the very beginning, 隔岸观火 is one of the Thirty-Six Stratagems.
趁火打劫 is another popular stratagem and its meaning is different from 隔岸观火. The meaning is to profit from others’ misfortunes or troubles. While the enemy states are troubled by internal disorder or natural disaster, what should you do? 趁火打劫 or 隔岸观火? With no doubt in mind, if you choose the former one and attack the hostile power, you can enhance your military power and improve your economic strength. However, if you can not perform well, you may get in trouble as well. While you are attacking your enemy state, the people in this state will band together and fight against you. On the contrary, if you choose to 隔岸观火, the troubles will keep making the enemy state weaker and weaker. In the end, the enemy state will become weak enough that you can destroy it easily. Generally speaking, the meaning of 隔岸观火 is similar to 坐收渔利.
Thousands of years ago, Chinese militarists have began to use these stratagems:
gōng yuán 263nián ，cáo wèi miè diào shǔ guó ，zhè yàng ，sān guó dǐng lì de jú shì wǎ jiě ，ér chéng le wèi 、wú duì zhàn de jú miàn 。bú jiǔ ，wèi guó dà jiāng sī mǎ yán qù wèi chēng dì ，gǎi guó hào wéi jìn 。sī mǎ yán jì xù tuī háng tǒng yī zhōng guó de zhàn luè ，yī fāng miàn ，tā xià lìng zài shǔ dì jiāng àn dà zào zhàn chuán 、rì yè xùn liàn shuǐ jun1 ，wéi rì hòu tóng wú guó jué zhàn zuò hǎo chōng fèn zhǔn bèi ；lìng yī fāng miàn ，tā fā xiàn wú guó jun1 duì hái hěn qiáng dà ，rú guǒ yìng pèng yìng dì qù jiāo zhàn ，zhī néng zào chéng liǎng bài jù shāng 。yú shì ，jìn guó cǎi qǔ guān wàng 、děng dài de zhàn luè ，dài wú guó de guó lì 、jun1 bèi yǒu suǒ xuē ruò hòu ，zài qù jìn gōng ，jiù hěn róng yì le 。
When learning Chinese language, you should seize the opportunity to learn Chinese culture